An injury to the face or head, as a result of a motor vehicle accident, fall, sports-related injury or other cause, may affect a patient’s sight or their ability to breathe, speak or swallow, as well as causing symptoms such as pain, swelling, bruising and deformity. A facial fracture involves a break or crack in one or more bones in the lower or upper jaw, palate, cheekbones or eye socket.
Treatment of facial fractures is similar to the treatment of a broken arm or leg. The method of treatment is determined by various factors, such as the location and severity of the fracture, as well as the age and health of the patient, and may include a breathing tube, antibiotics, rest or surgery. If surgery is needed, incisions are usually small and placed in areas such as the hairline or jaw so that the resulting scar is hidden from view.